Enforcing International Norms in the United States After Roper v. Simmons: The Case of Juvenile Offenders Sentenced to Life Without Parole

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Dorsey & Whitney Student Writing Prize in Comparative and International Law Best Note Award Winner

This Note criticizes the argument against incorporating international norms through federal common law in the context of sentencing juvenile offenders to life without parole. After discussing the relevant international norms, this Note argues that they can be enforced in U.S. courts via the Constitution. This is all the clearer given the Supreme Court’s recent pronouncement in Roper v. Simmons. In light of this conclusion, this Note contends, the argument against incorporating international norms into federal common law falters.